The Western World Through The Eyes Of the Torah – Rome Part 2

In part one we looked at the biblical origin of Greece, its philosophy and its similarities and differences with the Judaic worldview. Greece is even by secular reckoning the foundation of much of western culture. In terms of Politics, Philosophy, Architecture, Art, Music and is probably most credited for the idea of democracy.

Greece itself did not last forever as an empire, but its philosophy and way of life did. Its successor Rome which was a much greater empire in terms of its power, spread Greek ideas.


Arch of Titus

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How we know that Jesus, Paul and John the Baptist were not Prophets – Understanding Prophecy in Torah 

The majority of the books included in the New Testament were written or ascribed to have been written by the apostle Paul. Paul claims to have the status and authority of a prophet and experienced visions and learned teachings directly from a heavenly Jesus. He never knew Jesus as a person. He says:

For I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.” (Galatians 1:11-12)

The Gospels make the claim that John the Baptist too was a prophet. (Matthew 11:7-15)

It is fairly obvious that Jews do not accept these claims. What is not clear to the devout Christian missionary is why. It is crucial to understand why this is in order to make progress to finding clarity on the Jewish approach to the Torah and then by extension why it rejects the claims made by Christianity and the New Testament.

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Original Sin – Salvation through Faith in Jesus Vs Mitzvot as the Path back to the Garden

Arguably one of the most central doctrines of Christianity is the belief in what is called Original Sin. That is the belief that human beings are all born in sin and are sinful by nature. The reason for this goes back to the sin of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden when they ate of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.

After the first humans ate of the fruit they and all of their offspring would inherit this sinful state and this provides for the rationale to the problem that Jesus would serve as its only solution according to Christianity. Through accepting Jesus and undergoing baptism one can be cleansed of that sin.

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Why Jews Are Not Impressed By The ‘Miracle’ Of Jesus’ Resurrection

“Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.…” (1 Corinthians 15:13)

Many Christians claim that of all the arguments for Jesus being the Messiah, of all the proofs, through ‘fulfilled’ Messianic ‘prophesies’ in the Hebrew Bible, or the miracles that he allegedly performed, the nail on the head for them that convinces them is the miracle of his resurrection from the dead after three days.

Some Christians will even go so far as to claim that this event was the greatest miracle of all time and what their faith is based on. Up until the point of his crucifixion they claim they can understand why one still may have an element of doubt in their mind, but then claim that those doubts were removed by his resurrection.

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Holy Spirit Vs Ruach HaKodesh

Many of us are all fairly familiar with the Holy Spirit defined by Christianity as one of the three co-equal persons of the Godhead, as described within the doctrine of the Trinity.
It should be noted that as discussed amongst the early Christian movement different sects argued over the humanity or the divinity of Jesus, another topic that was debated was on the question of whether the Holy Spirit was equal to the Father and the Son. The Pneumatomachi sect, were proponents that the Holy Spirit was inferior to the Father and the Son, whilst the Cappadocian Fathers opposed, claiming that the Holy Spirit was equal.

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The Son Of God Vs God The Son

Christianity claims that Jesus was the Messiah, or sometimes uses the term the ‘Son of God.’ In the Christianity we encounter today for the most part, the term God the Son is used in relation to the doctrine of the Trinity, which claims that Jesus is of the same substance as the Father (Hashem) through a process called hypostasis, that God is triune consisting of three co-equal parts: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy spirit.

Whilst there is a lot of discussion around this topic, and there are Christian groups that deviate in some form or another from some aspects of this doctrine, we will in this post be looking at the term Son of God in Jewish and biblical understandings in contrast to the above view.

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